Learning to use
Being as Kotobites is in the midst of the Japanese Writing Challenge, I thought this would be a great time to post about the topic of conjunctions, known as 接続詞 in Japanese.
Types of conjunctions in Japanese
I’ve listed some common conjunctions across various categories to give you some ideas:
- Showing a result or consequence (=
therefore/ so in English): だから、それで、そのため
- Giving a reason (= because): なぜなら、というのは
- Showing a contradiction (= but/ however): が at the end of the clause; しかし、けれども
- Providing additional information (= similarly, and then, furthermore): そして、それに、それから、しかも
- Showing a contrast (= on the other hand): 一方、逆に
- Rephrasing (= in other words): つまり、すなわち
I have shied away from using English where possible here. This is
Other helpful resources
For further information on conjunctions in Japanese, I recommend checking out the following resources:
The Japan Society of New York’s Waku Waku Japanese series has an episode giving a brief introduction to how conjunctions work:
For those who are a bit more advanced, check out this page (in Japanese) on a website called Pothos. This post gives an overview of the types of conjunctions you are likely to come across in Japanese. If you click on each word you get a definition and a few example sentences to show how it is used.
I hope you find this post useful – as always if you have any suggestions or feedback please let me know in the comments!